WW1 Rebog | Germany Declares War on Russia: 1 August 1914

Today is the day it all kicks off in Europe 100 years ago, made more poignant as current troubles in Eastern Europe escalate with the Ukraine worries and Russia. Last night’s news disturbingly declaring NATO increasing military activities in Poland and massing in other Eastern European countries. Worrying times for us too?

The July Crisis: 100 Years On, 1914-2014

Facing what it believed to be intolerable pressures, Germany declared war on Russia on 1 August 1914. The local Balkan war between Austria-Hungary and Serbia now became European.

The German Ambassador to Russia. St. Petersburg, 1 August 1914.

The Imperial German Government have used every effort since the beginning of the crisis to bring about a peaceful settlement. In compliance with a wish expressed to him by His Majesty the Emperor of Russia, the German Emperor had undertaken, in concert with Great Britain, the part of mediator between the Cabinets of Vienna and St. Petersburg; but Russia, without waiting for any result, proceeded to a general mobilisation of her forces both on land and sea.

1 August 1914 headline from the New York Evening World 1 August 1914 headline from the New York Evening World

In consequence of this threatening step, which was not justified by any military proceedings on the part of Germany, the German Empire was faced by…

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WW1 Part 2 | My adventures in France 1915 to 1918

IF YOU USE TWITTER PLEASE TWEET, IF YOU’RE ON FACEBOOK THEN SHARE. PLEASE SPREAD THIS, AND ALL THE OTHER STORIES FROM THE BLOG ACROSS SOCIAL MEDIA (SHARE BUTTONS BELOW ALL ARTICLES). LAST YEARS CENTENARY MARKS AN IMPORTANT PERIOD OF HISTORY WHICH MUST NOT BE FORGOTTEN. I HOPE THAT THE FOLLOWING TEXT CAN BE A USEFUL WINDOW INTO THE RELATIVELY RECENT PAST FROM A PERSONAL PERSPECTIVE WE MIGHT ALL UNDERSTAND.
I LAST READ THESE MEMOIRS MORE THAN FIFTEEN YEARS AGO SO MY MEMORY OF THEM IS AT BEST, RATHER VAGUE. I INTEND TO TYPE A SECTION AT A TIME AND PUBLISH IMMEDIATELY WITH THE HOPE THAT MY REACTION TO THE TEXT IS AS FRESH AS WHOEVER READS AND WISHES TO COMMENT THEMSELVES.
I WILL HIGHLIGHT (RESEARCH) TAGS WERE I INTEND TO LOOK INTO AREAS OF INTEREST ON A PERSONAL LEVEL AND WILL INSERT HYPERLINKS AT THESE SECTIONS AS AND WHEN I FIND THEM. PLEASE FEEL FREE TO COMMENT ANY LINKS OR KNOWLEDGE YOU MIGHT ALREADY KNOW ABOUT. INDEED, ANY CONTRIBUTION IS GREATLY APPRECIATED.


Reminiscences of two world wars by Captain H.J. Alderson, R.A.S.C

My adventures in France 1915/18

The Battalion remained in Bethune for some weeks, training, after which we were transferred to the front line in the La-Bassee Sector on Canal (research). Things were very quiet except for sniping activities and some shelling.

The sector was not very comfortable and weather conditions very bad.

Mud was knee deep in places and communication trenches were very treacherous to use (research). It was pitiful to see men, especially when wearing “thigh boots”, being sucked down in the mud. By exerting pressure on one foot to get the other out they went in further, and it was a regular thing to have to dig them out with shovels which were normally carried as part of one’s equipment.

Our casualties at La-Bassee was one man killed.

After La-Bassee we were transferred  to Festubert (research). This place was in marshy ground and it was impossible for trenches to be dug. This had been tried, and there were a series of trenches but these were full of water. Duck boards were placed all over these to walk on.

The front line at Festubert consisted of a series of “Breast works” built up of sandbags. Each “breastwork” to eight men which was a section and were approximately 100 yards apart with gaps in between.

The German line was exactly the same, and in some places were only 50 yards away. Communication between these posts was by runner who had to follow the duck boards from one post to another (research).

All communication was over the top, not a trench was possible to use.

Things were very quiet in this sector except for shelling and minor raiding parties.

We suffered no casualties at Festubert, but were very lucky considering the conditions. After Festubert we came out for Xmas 1915 (research) which was spent behind the line. The usual English festivities were kept up, billets being decorated to the best of our abilities and the civil population done their share towards making us comfortable by supplying foodstuffs such as pork, birds and fruit.

We remained out of the line for some time in training. Digging trenches in reserve and resting periods.

This appears to have been done for a purpose because after some weeks we were marched to the “Suchez” front and Vimy Ridge, in this sector we remained for some considerable time in and out of the line. Resting when out at Courelles and Albert (research).

Things were not so comfortable in this part. Raids were heavier, shelling more regular and the communications far more dangerous to venture along. On the whole it was a death-trap to approach as to get to the Ridge one had to proceed through a series of trenches far away from the Ridge and them come out from this cover to cross a valley at the foot of the ridge known as the “Deaths Valley”. This was completely under observation of the Germans at the far side and it was not until one was practically under the Ridge that one was from sight of the enemy.

A crater (diameter 116 m, depth 45 m) after the explosion of 19 mines placed underneath German positions near Messines in West Flanders by the British on June 7, 1917

A crater (diameter 116 m, depth 45 m) after the explosion of 19 mines placed underneath German positions near Messines in West Flanders by the British on June 7, 1917

The Germans held the “brow” of the Ridge with our front line on the slope. The mud in the valley was terrific and duck boards had to be used when crossing it.

My 18th birthday was spent on Vimy Ridge and on that night both the Germans and us blew up mines together which practically lifted the top off the Ridge (research). My job then was to proceed with others to the “lip” of the crater that had been made and prepare defence positions. We worked by starlight and the Germans did likewise about 100 yards away. We could see each other but not a shot was fired.

Battle

German soldiers emerging from the crater of a recently exploded mine, similar to the one described by Horace at Vimy Ridge

Vimy Ridge turned out to be one of the warmest places we had been to date, and quite a few casualties were sustained both in the line and out of it.

When in Courelles or Albert both places were shelled heavily and it was necessary to keep under cover in dilapidated cellars or trenches best part of time.

The Naval Brigade held the line with us half the time and we eventually were relieved by Canadian troops after some weeks holding this sector (research).


My comment
Many of the places described above I have no knowledge of but I’ve certainly heard  of Vimy Ridge. Notorious for being an area contested viscously throughout WW1 and it seems that Horace’s recollections back that up. What’s interesting is that he’d spent his 18th birthday on the line at Vimy Ridge when the German and British mines were exploded, described as “practically lifted the top off the Ridge”. When I was 13 years old, I visited Ypres in Belgium on a school trip the purpose of which was to learn about WW1. We stopped of at the remains of a crater of an exploded mine and it was shocking how big it was. We were told that in order to destroy large sections of German re-enforced trench network, the British dug underground beneath the Germans. The tunnels were then packed out with high explosive. This was detonated prior to an attack with infantry. The resulting explosion from this was pretty close to a tactical nuclear weapon going off. It was reported that the sound of the explosions could be heard in London! My 18th birthday evening wasn’t spent advancing to hold the lip of a mine exploded crater, it was down the pub with my mates.

Click for part 1

WW1 Research | Would you see footballers today do such a thing?

IF YOU USE TWITTER PLEASE TWEET, IF YOU’RE ON FACEBOOK THEN SHARE. PLEASE SPREAD THIS, AND ALL THE OTHER STORIES FROM THE BLOG ACROSS SOCIAL MEDIA (SHARE BUTTONS BELOW ALL ARTICLES). LAST YEARS CENTENARY MARKS AN IMPORTANT PERIOD OF HISTORY WHICH MUST NOT BE FORGOTTEN. I HOPE THAT THE FOLLOWING TEXT CAN BE A USEFUL WINDOW INTO THE RELATIVELY RECENT PAST FROM A PERSONAL PERSPECTIVE WE MIGHT ALL UNDERSTAND.
I LAST READ THESE MEMOIRS MORE THAN FIFTEEN YEARS AGO SO MY MEMORY OF THEM IS AT BEST, RATHER VAGUE. I INTEND TO TYPE A SECTION AT A TIME AND PUBLISH IMMEDIATELY WITH THE HOPE THAT MY REACTION TO THE TEXT IS AS FRESH AS WHOEVER READS AND WISHES TO COMMENT THEMSELVES.
I WILL HIGHLIGHT (RESEARCH) TAGS WERE I INTEND TO LOOK INTO AREAS OF INTEREST ON A PERSONAL LEVEL AND WILL INSERT HYPERLINKS AT THESE SECTIONS AS AND WHEN I FIND THEM. PLEASE FEEL FREE TO COMMENT ANY LINKS OR KNOWLEDGE YOU MIGHT ALREADY KNOW ABOUT. INDEED, ANY CONTRIBUTION IS GREATLY APPRECIATED.

At the age of 17, my Great Grandfather enlisted as a volunteer in 1915 with the 23rd Middlesex Bat. for training in Surrey (see his memoirs Part 1). After just 6 weeks he volunteered with a friend to go to the western front in France early by joining the 17th Middlesex Bat. who were leaving for the front in November 1915. The 23rd followed likewise in May 1916 (list of volunteer Bats.). These volunteers were called Pals battalion’s. With a rapidly escalating conflict, the manpower requirement could be met by letting volunteers enlist with their friends and stay together throughout their service. Something that was disbanded by the time conscription started and just as well really as entire villages, towns and business populations were decimated by the massive losses from action abroad. For example the Accrington Pal’s took part in the Somme and of an estimated 700 who took part in the attack, 235 were killed and 350 wounded within the space of twenty minutes.

Football_Battalion_PosterWhilst researching the Middlesex volunteer Battalions Horace joined, I was surprised to find out that both the 17th and the 23rd were known as the ‘football’ battalion’s. It seems that there was some controversy early in the war regarding professional football. The clubs of the FA didn’t want their players to enlist and maintained the stance that the public morale would suffer should domestic football cease as a result of players fighting in France. Public opinion started to turn sour however, a soldier serving on the front wrote to a newspaper bitterly complaining that whilst he worked for 27 hours over a weekend, able bodied men were enjoying football matches as players or fans. It got to the point where there were calls for King George V to step down as patron of the FA. Sir Arthur Conen Doyle publicly objected and appealed for footballers to volunteer for service, saying “If a footballer has strength of limb, let them serve and march in the field of battle”.

The concept had the desired effect. Soon famous players enlisted and fans followed suit forming first the 17th then the 23rd Middlesex. In light of what we know about some modern professional players, their lifestyle and money, could you imagine this happening today?

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A very notable recruit to Horace’s 17th Middlesex Battalion, was Walter Tull. He played for Tottenham becoming the first ever black outfield player. By the time they were in France, Tull was promoted to Sergeant by virtue of his leadership skills in the field. [He took part in The Battle of The Somme, but was invalided back to England with trench fever. While still in Britain he was proposed for officer training and was commissioned  and posted back to The Middlesex Regiment as a second Lieutenant. Despite army regulations, which required that officers be of white European stock, Walter Tull became the British Army’s first black officer. He served in Italy with The 23rd  ( 2nd Football) Battalion and was mentioned in dispatches. He returned to France in 1918 and was killed on 25 March 1918 during the German offensive  at Arras. His body was never recovered and he is commemorated on The Arras Memorial.] (Further reading)

As far as I’m aware, Horace was not a professional footballer although he could’ve been a fan. That said, I think chances are he just followed his older mates who had already joined the army into just another Pal Battalion. Regardless, it’s interesting to me the ways the recruitment were ‘marketed’ to the young. Horace was just 17 pretending to be 19, how many more young boys did as he did but weren’t so lucky?

WW1 Part 1 | My younger days

IF YOU USE TWITTER PLEASE TWEET, IF YOU’RE ON FACEBOOK THEN SHARE. PLEASE SPREAD THIS, AND ALL THE OTHER STORIES FROM THE BLOG ACROSS SOCIAL MEDIA (SHARE BUTTONS BELOW ALL ARTICLES). LAST YEARS CENTENARY MARKS AN IMPORTANT PERIOD OF HISTORY WHICH MUST NOT BE FORGOTTEN. I HOPE THAT THE FOLLOWING TEXT CAN BE A USEFUL WINDOW INTO THE RELATIVELY RECENT PAST FROM A PERSONAL PERSPECTIVE WE MIGHT ALL UNDERSTAND.
I LAST READ THESE MEMOIRS MORE THAN FIFTEEN YEARS AGO SO MY MEMORY OF THEM IS AT BEST, RATHER VAGUE. I INTEND TO TYPE A SECTION AT A TIME AND PUBLISH IMMEDIATELY WITH THE HOPE THAT MY REACTION TO THE TEXT IS AS FRESH AS WHOEVER READS AND WISHES TO COMMENT THEMSELVES.
I WILL HIGHLIGHT (RESEARCH) TAGS WERE I INTEND TO LOOK INTO AREAS OF INTEREST ON A PERSONAL LEVEL AND WILL INSERT HYPERLINKS AT THESE SECTIONS AS AND WHEN I FIND THEM. PLEASE FEEL FREE TO COMMENT ANY LINKS OR KNOWLEDGE YOU MIGHT ALREADY KNOW ABOUT. INDEED, ANY CONTRIBUTION IS GREATLY APPRECIATED.

Research completed

Football Battalions JUNE 25, 2014


Reminiscences of two world wars by Captain H.J. Alderson, R.A.S.C

My Younger days

My father died middle aged in 1909, leaving my mother with four young children and an elder brother who was at sea. He had the fortune of a life before him, being apprenticed to navigation and having attained officer’s rank by the time of the death of my father.

My father, who was a Master-Rope Maker, left mother fairly comfortable financially, having arranged for her and us children in his will by investment of a sum of money by which my mother could draw interest to maintain herself and her family, excepting my elder brother, for a short period only.

I was eleven years of age when my father died. I had an elder sister, who was twelve years, a younger brother eight years and a younger sister six years.

My brother was away at sea for considerable periods and was unable to help towards the keep of his mother and younger brothers and sisters owing to the fact that he had to finance himself in future education for his promotion.

My mother, with the aid of good friends, managed magnificently until the outbreak of the Great War, August 1914, when the cost of living etc., dragged on her small income immensely. (research)

I commenced just prior to the 1914 War, doing part-time work, earning a few shillings delivering orders for a local shop after school hours and weekends.

I stuck this until I was sixteen and a half years of age, when I was offered a job as a Despatch Clerk at “Rylands” of Wood Street, Cheapside. (research)

At the time I was friends with two older fellows than myself, who after the outbreak of war volunteered their services.

Approximately twelve months after the outbreak of war I was fed up with having my mates in uniform and I still a civilian, and although my age still exempted me from service, I enlisted in the 23rd Middlesex (researched) Regiment on the 28th August 1915 as nineteen years of age, I being at the time just turned seventeen years.

I was sent with others to Holmbury in Surrey (research) for training and after approximately six weeks there, volunteers were called for to proceed to the 17th Battalion who were due to go overseas.

One of my old friends (who by the way enlisted me and got the 1/-) (research) stood before me in the ranks of volunteers [who] were selected.

He put his hand up to volunteer, and I did likewise. We proceeded to Perham Downs, Lugershall, Salisbury Plain (researched) and joined the 17th Bn. Middlesex Regt. After approximately four weeks we were drafted overseas in early November 1915.

Football_Battalion_Poster

We arrived at Boulgne late at night; it was snowing hard at the time. We were marched to a rest camp for the night. This camp was under canvas and one blanket was issued to each man.

The following day we were entrained at Boulogne and eventually arrived at Bethune (research)

I was just seventeen years six months by this time.


My comment
From my perspective, I see the writing as very matter of fact. I guess as this was written some 10 to 20 years after WWII perhaps it is difficult to put any emotive value to what has been typed so long after the event. Perhaps this was really just reflecting the kind of person my Great Grandfather was, I really don’t know.
What is rather telling for me is that at the age of seventeen, I certainly couldn’t imagine enlisting for the army during a war when I myself was so immature at that age. Perhaps his father passing when he was so young was a contributing factor. Perhaps by joining the war effort and potentially ending it as soon as possible, maybe he thought he could help his mother and siblings with their financial problems? After all, he was the next man in line as his eldest brother was away at sea. Maybe it was as simple as he claims, his mates were in the forces and his wasn’t. In any which case, I wouldn’t want to be camping outside in November snow with just a blanket!

Click for part 2

 

WW1 | A letter from a King

IF YOU USE TWITTER PLEASE TWEET, IF YOU’RE ON FACEBOOK THEN SHARE. PLEASE SPREAD THIS, AND ALL THE OTHER STORIES FROM THE BLOG ACROSS SOCIAL MEDIA (SHARE BUTTONS BELOW ALL ARTICLES). LAST YEARS CENTENARY MARKS AN IMPORTANT PERIOD OF HISTORY WHICH MUST NOT BE FORGOTTEN. I HOPE THAT THE FOLLOWING TEXT CAN BE A USEFUL WINDOW INTO THE RELATIVELY RECENT PAST FROM A PERSONAL PERSPECTIVE WE MIGHT ALL UNDERSTAND.
I LAST READ THESE MEMOIRS MORE THAN FIFTEEN YEARS AGO SO MY MEMORY OF THEM IS AT BEST, RATHER VAGUE. I INTEND TO TYPE A SECTION AT A TIME AND PUBLISH IMMEDIATELY WITH THE HOPE THAT MY REACTION TO THE TEXT IS AS FRESH AS WHOEVER READS AND WISHES TO COMMENT THEMSELVES.
I WILL HIGHLIGHT (RESEARCH) TAGS WERE I INTEND TO LOOK INTO AREAS OF INTEREST ON A PERSONAL LEVEL AND WILL INSERT HYPERLINKS AT THESE SECTIONS AS AND WHEN I FIND THEM. PLEASE FEEL FREE TO COMMENT ANY LINKS OR KNOWLEDGE YOU MIGHT ALREADY KNOW ABOUT. INDEED, ANY CONTRIBUTION IS GREATLY APPRECIATED.

Prior to writing the first entries of Horace’s memoirs, I want to share with you a hand written letter from HRH George V.

My Great Grandfather was captured by the Imperial German Army in 1917 near Oppy Wood and spent some months as a POW before escaping having been rescued. He received a personally written letter from the King when he returned home. I will be expanding on this story at a later date.

“The Queen joins me in welcoming you on your release from the miseries and hardships, which you have endured with so much patience and courage.

During these many months of trial, the early rescue of our gallant Officers and Men from the cruelties of their captivity has been uppermost in our thoughts.

We are thankful that this longed for day has arrived, and that back in the old country you will be able once more to enjoy the happiness of a home and to see good days among those who anxiously look for your return.”

HRH George V letter 1918 Env

 

HRH George V letter 1918